Notes: This figure reflects 219 of the 382 shortages (57 percent) reported during this time period. Our analysis was limited to the shortages the University of Utah Drug Information Service identified as critical. Red Book is a compendium published by Truven Health Analytics that includes information about the characteristics of drug products.
a = Other drugs includes those that had other routes of administration such as, nasal, inhalation, topical, ophthalmic, and transdermal methods. In total, there were 18 drugs available through other routes, with 4 available in generic form and the remaining 14 only available in brand-name form. The Other drugs category also includes 9 additional shortages that had multiple routes of administration or for which either the route of administration or the product type was unavailable from Red Book.
Data Source: GAO analysis of data from University of Utah Drug Information Service and Truven Health Analytics (Red Book)
Source: U.S. Government Accountability Office: Drug Shortages – Public Health Threat Continues, Despite Efforts to Help Ensure Product Availability