Notes: Abbreviation: ED, emergency department. Opioid-related stays for which the expected payer was Other, missing, or invalid were excluded. The share of opioid-related hospital stays or ED visits was calculated based on only those records for which the expected payer was Medicare, Medicaid, private insurance, or uninsured; thus, the total is equal to 100 percent.
Data Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), HCUP Fast Stats, Opioid-Related Hospital Use based on the HCUP National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) and the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS).
Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality/Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project: Payers of Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits Nationally and by State, 2010 and 2015